What You Need to Know About Dabbing
John C. Umhau, MD, MPH, CPE is board-certified in addiction medicine and preventative medicine. He is the medical director at Alcohol Recovery Medicine. For over 20 years Dr. Umhau was a senior clinical investigator at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
When people hear the term “dabbing,” they might initially think of the dance move that is believed to have originated in the Atlanta rap scene and was later popularized by football star, Cam Newton, who made “the dab” his signature touchdown celebration. But the word dabbing also has a darker side.
In marijuana culture, dabbing refers to the dangerous process of consuming high concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive chemical found in marijuana. And yet despite the dangers associated with the practice, it is growing in popularity, especially among teens.
What Are Dabs?
Dabs—also referred to as wax, shatter, amber, honeycomb, or budder—are concentrated versions of butane hash oil (BHO) which contains highly-concentrated levels of THC. This concentrated substance is produced through a chemical process using butane oil to extract the oils from the cannabis.
Research suggests that dabs or BHO can have a THC concentration of 80% in comparison to traditional cannabis, which has a concentration of about 10-15% THC. In fact, at a minimum dabs are as much as four times as strong as a joint. Plus, people who dab experience an intense high all at once rather than it gradually building over time.
Dabs are made by pouring butane over marijuana. This process allows the THC to leave the marijuana plant and dissolve into the butane leaving a gummy, somewhat solid product that contains high amounts of THC.
How Dabbing Works
Although marijuana is usually consumed by smoking joints and sometimes through vape pens, dabs are heated to an extremely high temperature and then inhaled. A specifically-designed glass bong commonly called an “oil rig” is used.
The dab is placed on an attached “nail” and a blow torch is used to heat the wax, which produces a vapor that can be inhaled. This type of ingestion means the effects of dabbing are felt immediately.
Many times people will dab by placing hash oil in vaping devices. Teens especially, use this method because it allows them to use hash oil with a very low chance that they will be caught because there is no smoke or distinct smell. Consequently, they often dab in public places, including at school.
Although the process of dabbing is not new, it is growing in popularity in the United States. Scientists attribute this growth to the commercial production of medical marijuana and the legalization of it in numerous states. Both of these factors have led to an increase in instructional videos online as well as a greater social media presence. Consequently, it is becoming more and more popular.
Why Dabbing Is Dangerous
Although some people believe that dabbing is a safer method of ingesting cannabis because it is so highly concentrated and the user only has to take one hit to get high, that couldn’t be further from the truth. Simply put, there is no safe level of drug use. Any drug—regardless of its purpose—carries some risk. And, dabs are no exception.
Dabbing Is Not the Same as Smoking
In fact, one study found that dabbing can lead to higher tolerance and worse withdrawal symptoms. What’s more, it is dangerous for users to assume that dabbing carries the same risks as smoking marijuana. Instead, most researchers say that dabbing is to marijuana what crack is to cocaine. There is simply no comparison between dabbing and smoking joints.
Harmful Side Effects
Dabbing also includes a number of dangerous side effects like a rapid heartbeat, blackouts, crawling sensations on the skin, loss of consciousness, and psychotic symptoms such as paranoia and hallucinations.
Meanwhile, a study conducted by researchers at Portland State University, found that dabbing also may expose users to elevated levels of toxins including carcinogenic compounds. What the scientists found is that the higher the temperature the substance is exposed to, the more carcinogens, toxins, and potential irritants that are produced.
This fact, in turn, puts users at a greater risk than other methods of getting high because there is a challenge in controlling the nail temperature. As a result, people who dab are being exposed to harmful chemicals including methacrolein and benzene. Likewise, another study found that more than 80% of marijuana extracts are contaminated with poisonous solvents and pesticides.
Dangers of Production
Another danger with dabbing is the fact that making hash oil is one of the riskiest aspects of dabbing. Keep in mind that dabs are made by blasting butane (or lighter fluid) through the marijuana plant. It is highly flammable and unstable. So, adding heat to a substance like this is extremely dangerous.
What’s more, after the process has been completed, any remaining butane is now in the form of gas in the room. As a result, the smallest spark—even one produced by static electricity—can cause an explosion. The risks are similar to that of a meth lab.
Consequently, there have been increasing reports of houses, apartment buildings, and other structures exploding during the extraction process. When this happens, the people involved are either killed or become burn victims with broken bones who need skin grafts and reconstructive surgery.
A Word From Verywell
The bottom line is that dabbing is a potentially dangerous process that comes with real risks to a person’s health and overall well-being. It also is very appealing to teens and young adults.
For this reason, parents and educators need to talk to young people about the risks associated with dabbing while stressing that just one hit can not only put them at risk for lifelong addiction but also can kill them if they take in too much.Dabbing releases dangerous levels of THC into the body producing an extreme high, but the process is very dangerous. Find out why.
While 420 is still the most popular day associated with weed, July 10th (or 710) is making a case for a new consumption holiday
Lifestyle & Market Editor
Tim Chan’s Most Recent Stories
- How to Watch the ‘Fresh Prince of Bel-Air’ Reunion on HBO Max for Free
- George Strait Releases Namesake Tequila for the Holidays: ‘People Need a Little Joy in Their Lives’
- Best Cheap Sound Bars: 5 Solid Picks Under $300
- Show more sharing options
- Pin It
You really don’t need an excuse to light up these days, and in many parts of the country, you don’t need a license to either. But for those who favor a more concentrated cannabis experience, you’ll want to set aside July 10th as your new date to dab.
While April 20th (4/20) is still the most popular day associated with weed, July 10th (or 710) has quickly become its own unofficial consumption holiday. Also know as “Dab Day” or “Oil Day” (the characters “710” backwards resemble the word “oil”), the cannabis holiday celebrates dabs, cannabis concentrates, and yes, oils, that help you get high if you’re passing on the puff. Though its origins are unclear, most cannabis connoisseurs peg the first “Dab Day” to 2012, shortly before Washington and Colorado legalized cannabis, thereby making oils and dabs more readily available to consumers.
This year, a number of brands are making the occasion with new releases, both in terms of dab rigs and vaporizers (Though 710 is known as “dab day,” the day includes the promotion of all extracts, including traditional vapes). Before you start celebrating “Dab Day” though, it may help to know what you’re getting into.
How to Watch the ‘Fresh Prince of Bel-Air’ Reunion on HBO Max for Free
Early Black Friday Deal: Grab the MacBook Air at Its Lowest Price Yet
Jerry Jeff Walker’s ‘Viva Terlingua’: Inside the Fringe Country Album
25 Best Pixar Movie Characters
“Dabbing involves taking a dab of cannabis extract, heating it using a dab rig and a blow torch, and inhaling the smoke,” explains Heather Rodman, VP of Marketing & Brands at Growth Network Holdings, a vertically-integrated cannabis company in California that operates the High Note dispensaries along with a portfolio of cannabis brands. “Cannabis extracts,” she says, “are concentrated forms of the cannabis plant made using different extraction methods and come in many different forms — sugar, shatter, sauce, budder, and many more named after its consistency.”
The benefits of dabbing are unmistakable: “The effects come on quickly and strong,” Rodman says. “If you need fast relief or you have a high tolerance, dabbing is the way to go. It’s the fastest and most potent way to feel the effects.”
Just be aware: “Dabbing is probably the most intimidating way to consume, and it definitely isn’t for anyone new to cannabis,” she cautions. “Dabbing for the first time can feel like being hit by a freight train, so if you are going to dabble in dabbing, do it in a safe space with soft furniture and lots of snacks.”
We’ve rounded up some of the best ways to get in on dabbing, with products you can order from home to celebrate 710, and to do the dab all year round.
1. Grenco Science G Pen Roam Vaporizer
A portable digital water vape for concentrates, the new G Pen Roam features a quartz tank and glass hydro-tube housed inside a jet black casing. The Roam heats up at the push of a button, melting your preferred concentrate within seconds. Use the temperature controls and LED display to set the pen to your desired temperature, for smooth, consistent flavor. The discreet design lets you take the G Pen with you virtually anywhere. A plus: the device can be used even when the built-in battery is charging. $249.95, GPen.com
2. Puffco The Peak Smart Rig
Slim and sleek, this all-in-one device is great if you’re just getting into dabbing. The portable dabber looks a bit like a digital bong, and functions in many of the same ways. Load your concentrate, then choose from four preset heat settings, unlocking different flavors and potencies; the Peak heats up in as little as 20 seconds. The included rechargeable battery gets you up to 30 dabs per change. $299.99, Puffco.com
3. Dr. Dabber SWITCH
This digital rig is one of the more elaborate devices on the market right now and its large size (over a foot high) lets it really rip. It’s also one of the most versatile, too, working for both oils and flowers. Choose from 25 heat settings to turn up the flavor, vapors, or clouds. Dr. Dabber says a single charge gets you up to 150 uses, and the unit heats up in four seconds or so.Music, Film, TV and Political News Coverage ]]>