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average yield per marijuana plant

How Much Weed Can You Really Produce Per Plant?

Wondering how much weed you can produce per cannabis plant? Here’s everything you need to know about the variables affecting your yield.

Cannabis growers love to boast about huge harvests, but just how much weed can inexperienced growers expect to harvest from a single plant? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at cannabis yield and what influences it, and much more.

  • 1. Light and nutrients
  • 2. Genetics
  • 3. Medium
  • 4. Indoor VS outdoor
  • 5. Skill
  • 6. How to estimate yield
  • 7. How to improve your cannabis yield: quick tips
  • 1. Light and nutrients
  • 2. Genetics
  • 3. Medium
  • 4. Indoor VS outdoor
  • 5. Skill
  • 6. How to estimate yield
  • 7. How to improve your cannabis yield: quick tips

YIELDS VARY… A LOT

If there’s one thing that’s certain about growing cannabis, it’s this: results vary. A lot. There are many different variables that affect your plants, their health, growth, and the amount of flower they produce. And frankly, trying to guess the size of your yield before harvest is really difficult.

Most rookie growers estimate their yield based on the height of their plants. And that makes sense—at least in theory. Unfortunately, plant size isn’t a very accurate indicator of final yield. In fact, it’s really hard to estimate the size of your yield just by looking at a single aspect of your plant (like height, for example).

Cannabis buds develop on what growers refer to as “bud sites”. These are the spots on branches where pre-flower structures form roughly 4–6 weeks into a plant’s life cycle. Once a plant enters its flowering phase, it stops dedicating its energy to developing foliage, instead focusing on producing healthy buds on these sites. How big and dense these buds become depends on a lot of different variables, including light, nutrients, genetics, substrate, and more. The size of a plant, on the other hand, says little about how many bud sites it will develop, or how big/dense its buds will be come harvest.

LIGHT AND NUTRIENTS

Light is arguably one of the most important factors affecting your yield. To maximise output, you should maximise light exposure to your plant early on by using training techniques to manipulate growth. One popular training technique is low stress training (LST), which involves bending and tying down branches to optimise light exposure and encourage a more horizontal structure. The screen of green (ScrOG) method takes this further, situating a mesh screen over plants, upon which new growth is woven in an effort to boost final yield. There are many more techniques where these came from, including high-stress tek like topping (in which the main growing tip is cut off) and defoliation, to name just a couple.

Nutrients are also really important, and you’ll want to make sure your plants always have access to the macronutrients and micronutrients they need at each stage of growth. When it comes to nutes, your plants require different ratios depending on their phase. During veg, plants require higher levels of nitrogen, whereas flowering plants require more potassium, phosphorus, and micronutrients like calcium and magnesium. In addition to the nutrients themselves, plants need to be able to uptake these nutrients to develop huge hauls of big buds. In order to do so, the pH level has to be dialled in for the type of grow you’re conducting.

GENETICS

Arguably the most crucial factor that determines final yield are genetics. And just like there are some strains that taste better than others, there are also those that produce better harvests than others.

Remember that cannabis strains have been bred to meet the demands of growers and consumers. And with yield being so important, there are countless strains out there that have been purposefully bred to produce numerous bud sites and develop bigger, heavier flowers. Make sure to check out some of our XL strains if you’re looking to really rake in the buds.

MEDIUM

There are many different grow media out there, and they all have different effects on the overall yield of your plants.

While soil is easily the most common medium used to grow cannabis, hydroponic media like perlite or coco coir give growers a lot more control over the nutrient intake of their plants. And while that kind of control may be overwhelming for rookie growers, experienced growers can use it to really push their plants to the next level and produce massive yields.

INDOOR VS OUTDOOR

Whether you grow indoors or outdoors will have a big impact on your plants.

Indoor growers generally have less space to work with, which means they’ll usually grow fewer, smaller plants than someone growing outdoors. However, indoor growers also have much more control over their plants’ environment. Hence, they can play around with things like lighting, temperature, and humidity to fine-tune their growing conditions and optimise yield.

Outdoor growers, on the other hand, usually have much more space to work with than indoor growers, meaning they’ll be able to grow more plants in a single season than indoor growers. Plus, outdoor growers also have the benefit of growing under the best possible light source in the world—the sun. However, outdoor growers don’t have the same level of control over their environment, meaning their yield is subject to the season, which, depending on where you live, may be unpredictable.

SKILL

This is another important factor that affects your overall yield. The more fine-tuned your skills, the more control you have over your plants. And the more control you have over your plants, the better your yield.

HOW TO ESTIMATE YIELD

While yields vary a lot, there are some ways you can get at least a rough estimate of how much weed you’ll produce.

ESTIMATING YIELD BASED ON POT SIZE

Remember that cannabis plants will only grow as large as their pots allow them to. And while size is, as we saw earlier, far from the perfect indicator of how much you’ll harvest, it can help you get a ballpark estimate of what your harvests will look like.

Ideally, you’ll want to grow in at least 18-litre pots. With this amount of soil, some decent nutrients, and some light pruning/training, you should be able to grow large, healthy plants that reach at least 90cm in height. Given they get a full 4–5 weeks of vegetative growth and solid lighting that penetrates right through to the lowest bud sites, plants of this size should be able to produce at least 100g of dry bud per plant.

ESTIMATING YIELD BASED ON LIGHTING

Some growers choose to estimate their yield based on the strength of their lamps. And while this is far from an exact science, it can be a bit more accurate than calculating your yield per plant, especially if you choose to grow multiple smaller plants, rather than just a few larger ones.

If you’re growing indoors and have at least a few harvests under your belt, you can expect to harvest roughly one gram for every watt of light. If you’re a newbie grower with little-to-no experience, expect yields of around 0.5g per watt.

GO HYDRO FOR BIGGER YIELDS

Growing hydroponically gives you a lot more control over how your plants feed. With the right equipment and experience, this can greatly improve the size and quality of your yield. Experienced hydro growers, for example, can encourage yields of up to 1.2g per watt of lighting. By this logic—and using a 600W lamp—a good hydro grower can harvest over 700 grams of bud (genetics depending)!

A NOTE ON DRY VS WET YIELD

Remember, the weight of your buds will drop dramatically after drying and curing. So don’t get too excited when you weigh your buds right after trimming. Instead, multiply your wet yield by 0.25 to get a rough estimate of how much dry bud you’ll end up with.

HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR CANNABIS YIELD: QUICK TIPS FOR GROWERS

Growing cannabis can be challenging, but there are plenty of things you can do to improve your yield as a novice grower. These include:

• Start with the right genetics. Professionally bred strains will always produce better yields than bagseed.

• Read up on training techniques. Training your plants to grow a certain way maximises their exposure to light, which will ultimately improve your yield.

• Know your nutrients. Use the info on our blog to learn more about how to use nutrients to really maximise your plants’ potential.

• Experiment. Don’t be scared to try new grow techniques and push yourself as a grower.

• Go hydro! Once you’ve got a few harvests under your belt, consider immersing yourself in the world of hydroponics, where you’ll have even more control over your plants and their growth.

• Keep growing! The more experience you have, the better you’ll get. Hence, make sure you grow consistently to hone your skills and become evermore in tune with cannabis.

Cannabis yields vary. A lot. Click here to learn more about the factors affecting your yield, and some simple tips for heavier harvests.

How much will an indoor cannabis plant yield?

Home Grower Question: How much does an indoor cannabis plant yield?

Answer: The answer is not easy, but it’s honest. Plant yields vary due to many factors including the size of plant, which is to say, how big you let your plant grow. The quality of the plant’s genetics and propensity for the genetic’s yield — be it a low, medium or heavy producing strain, also greatly influence yield.

Because indoor cannabis plant yields vary, there is no cut and dry answer to the question, “how much does an indoor cannabis plant yield?”

You see, it depends on whether you are growing small plants, medium sized plants, large plants, or extremely large plants. The size of your pot must be taken into consideration, and there can be a big difference in the size of your harvest (yield), depending on if you are growing in a grow tent or in a grow room with high ceilings.

Where and how you grow is a crucial factor to get to the bottom of your question, “how much does an indoor cannabis plant yield?” The strain you grow is also an influential factor. Additionally, you must consider how long you are growing your plant in the vegetative phase. People who grow cannabis plants with over 10 ounces are usually keeping their plants in the vegetative phase for more than 10 weeks. Do you have the time?

What about those one-size-fits-all answers online?

They often reference a yield algorithm based on things like how big your grow room is, what lights you are using, how many watts, and more. Not helpful. An answer like, “A grow room with 1200 watts can lead to a yield of 42 oz.” or “you can grow 1 lb. per plant,” not only sets false expectations, it confuses new cannabis gardeners who are trying to grow in grow tents with LEDs.

But that doesn’t mean you can’t figure an answer to this common question about plant yield indoors. There are a lot of moving parts in your gardening process that influence yield per plant. To get close to a perfect estimate, you’ll need to know if you are growing in a small tent, large tent, or in a grow room. If you are growing in a small grow tent, you may be growing small to medium size plants. You may have 6 short plants or 3 short to medium sized plants, 2 big plants, or you may have 1 “large as you can get it” plant.

Genetics, plant care, lighting, pot size, and your grow space all influence how much an indoor marijuana plant will yield.

Plant genetics greatly influences how much a plant can yield. You can grow a “heavy yielding” or “heavy producer” strain, average yielding strain, or low-yielding strain. For example, the size of cola buds on a Dream Queen strain are much bigger than the cola buds of a Girl Scout Cookies strain. If you are unsure of your seed or clone origin before growing, that is a big risk to take if growing for heavy yields is your goal.

Don’t forget “Plant Care.”

You can lessen your plants yield potential by not properly caring for your plant indoors. Plant care includes the quality organic nutrients and water it needs to survive and thrive. It may include plant training techniques like topping, pinching and supercopping, all to grow bigger plants. If you don’t practice proper plant care, you won’t get as much of a yield per plant.

Pot size matters!

Did you give your plant a 2, 3, 4 or 5 gallon pot, or a 10 gallon pot? The bigger the pot, the bigger the plant. Lighting is another key ingredient to increasing your plant yields. If you grow with a cheap LED Light, you’ll diminish the plant’s yield potential. You’ll want to grow with a high quality LED light to get the most amount of yield per plant indoors.

With all that said about indoor plant yields, home growers who grow marijuana plants indoors in grow tents may yield from 1 – 5 ounces per cannabis plant, with a sweet spot of 2 – 4 ounces per plant. Honestly it depends on the above mentioned gardening and genetic factors, but this gives you a realistic snapshot of your cannabis yield potential.

Lastly, if you have high ceilings in your grow room (or a emptied indoor pool), you are positioned to grow plants that may yield much more, like 6 – 16 ounces. There are 16 ounces in 1 pound. You could even pull 2 lbs. from a plant indoors if you really wanted, but it would take a significant amount of time in the vegetative phase and you’d need tall ceilings, and big pots. It is in the realm of possibilities! Our best recommendation to grow indoor plants indoors that weigh 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 pounds is to grow in 100 lb. pots, and give yourself at least 4 – 6 months in the vegetative phase of plant growth.

Home growers who grow marijuana plants indoors in grow tents may yield from 1 – 5 ounces per cannabis plant, with a sweet spot of 2 – 4 ounces per plant.